Cherimoya: properties, benefits and nutritional value

Cherimoya fruit has many benefits necessary to maintain good health. It can be consumed alone or in different delicious preparations.

Cherimoya

The most common way to eat cherimoya is to cut it in two halves, remove the inner stem and enjoy it in spoonfuls. The seeds are not eaten. Keep in mind that it oxidizes quickly, and to avoid this you can sprinkle it with a few drops of lemon juice.

It contains a good proportion of B vitamins; it provides around 20% of the vitamin B6 needed per day, and 15% of the B1 and B2. It is also rich in vitamin C, as well as potassium, calcium and iron and, although in very low proportion, also zinc, iodine, copper and manganese.

What is cherimoya?

It is a very juicy and tasty sweet fruit. The exterior is green with a creamy and whitish pulp with black and shiny seeds inside. The skin is thick, but quite thin and easy to split.

When these fruits are opened to be eaten they give off a very characteristic and pleasant smell. Its sweet flavor with a touch of acid reminds the taste of other fruits such as pear, banana or pineapple.

The cherimoya tree is called custard apple, a small tree up to 8 meters high at most. It has a short trunk with low branches and a rounded crown.

Among its properties it stands out for being a fruit very rich in vitamins A, B and C, and rich in potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron and zinc. Here are some of its benefits for health and for a balanced diet.

Properties

Cherimoya

Its main content is water, as is the case with most fruits. In addition, custard apple is a great source of energy because it contains 20% of carbohydrates, mainly glucose and fructose.

Custard apple has a fairly high caloric value due to its high sugar content, although it is poor in proteins and fats. Although it has a high caloric value, it does not have too many calories, since it is a fruit of great volume.

In addition, it is rich in minerals such as potassium and the main vitamin is vitamin C, which adds to this food an antioxidant action beneficial to health.

It also provides in smaller quantities, vitamin B, calcium and iron, and although in very low proportion also zinc, iodine, copper and manganese.

Average nutritional value per 100 grams

Calories 48.2 g
Carbohydrates 14.2 g
Protein 1.25 g
Fiber 2.4 g
Fats 0.7 g
Sodium 4 mg
Calcium 21.2 mg
Iron 0.42 mg
Match 21 mg
Potassium 376 mg
Vitamin A 0.01 mg
Vit. B1 0.07 mg
Vit. B2 0.11 mg
Vit. B3 1.23 mg
Vitamin C 14.20 mg

 

Health benefits

Among its properties, it stands out for being a fruit very rich in vitamins A, B and C, and rich in potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron and zinc. Here are some health benefits and for a balanced diet.

🔸 Improve your Cardiovascular Health.

The large amount of potassium content, contributes to improve your heart health. In addition, it is a natural regulator of blood pressure, and rich in antioxidants that control cholesterol levels. It has a low sodium and fat content, ideal for people who suffer from high blood pressure and other cardiac disorders.

🔸 Natural Antimicrobial.

One of its benefits is its ability to act as a natural protector against infections and parasites, something that is due to its high content of fiber, niacin and cytotoxins. In addition, it is rich in vitamin C, a natural antioxidant that helps the body resist infections.

🔸 Digestive properties.
It has great digestive properties, regulates intestinal transit and bacterial flora and is ideal for those whose stomach no longer digests certain foods well or has dyspepsia. Thanks to its high fiber content and low fat content helps eliminate bad cholesterol (LDL), also absorbs bile acids, very useful for those who suffer from disorders in the gallbladder.

🔸 Excellent Antioxidant.

They are a great source of antioxidants and vitamin C, contain polyphenol compounds that fight oxidation which is associated with diseases such as cancer, premature aging and neurodegenerative diseases.

🔸 Antidepressant and Tranquilizing Effect.

Custard apple acts as a nervous system regulator, it works as an anxiolytic and tranquilizer, making it a great home remedy for compulsive people, it also regulates the secretion of chemicals that cause depression.

🔸 Protects against Osteoporosis.

It contains a high level of minerals, which help us in the recovery process of multiple diseases, mainly iron, calcium and phosphorus.

🔸 Helps in Pregnancy.

It becomes an ideal fruit for future mothers, since it provides us with a high nutritional value and contains nutrients that contribute to the development of the baby, such as: essential fats, fiber, carbohydrates, proteins, minerals and vitamins. It helps in the development of the fetal brain, nerves and even the immune system. Its regular consumption reduces the risk of miscarriage and reduces morning sickness.

🔸Regulates blood pressure

Custard apples are rich in potassium, which, together with their low sodium content, makes them a good ally for arterial health.

🔸Strengthens bones and muscles

Good for bones and muscles thanks to the magnesium they contain. A small custard apple of about 200 grams provides 10% of the magnesium needed per day.

🔸Fights anemia

Similar to the anon, cherimoya is beneficial as an aid against anemia, thanks to its energetic content and its contribution of iron and vitamin C. It is also a natural energizer to give us a boost in times of physical decay. It is also a natural energizer to give us a boost in times of physical decay.

🔸Promotes eye health

It provides lutein, which is a nutrient that is very favorable for eye health. It also protects against conditions that can cause vision problems.

Also, lutein can also protect against other eye problems such as cataracts. There are studies that associate lutein and zeaxanthin with the risk of suffering from cataracts. [4] Thus, people with the highest blood levels of lutein were identified as having a 27% lower risk of developing cataracts compared to those with the lowest levels of lutein.

🔸Help for weight loss diet

In addition to being a breath rich in water and fiber is a food that by composition, acts as a natural satiating. It is also recommended for weight loss diets, due to its low fat content.

🔸Nourishes our nervous system

It contains B vitamins such as vitamin B6 (pyridoxine). In addition, this vitamin plays an important role in the creation of neurotransmitters such as serotonin and dopamine. These nutrients help regulate mood.

According to a study done in Massachusetts in a group of 251 elderly people, it could be proved that low blood levels of vitamin B6 are directly related to depression, especially in adults.

How to eat cherimoya?

Fruits are always best eaten fresh and raw. This tropical fruit is very easy to eat, just cut it in half and eat its pulp with a spoon avoiding the seeds which are very easy to separate because of their size.

It is better to eat it ripe, since in this way we get all its nutritional properties beneficial to our health, plus it is in a more optimal state of taste and smell.

In addition to eating this fruit, it is used to make different recipes for ice cream, jams or fruit smoothies, alone or in combination.

How to preserve IT?

It is a fruit that is not easy to preserve. It ripens very soon, although to eat it in its perfect state it has to be ripe and its ripening is ideally done at room temperature. Low temperatures below 10ºC damage the quality of this fruit.

When ripe, the outer part of the fruit turns from dark green to a lighter or even yellowish color. It also becomes very soft.

If these sweet fruits over-ripen and begin to take on black tones, it is not a sign that they are in poor condition. This is because the skin is able to protect the inside of the fruit, preserving its quality for a few days.

The custard apple, when it is in optimal state of maturation, can be used for the elaboration of different homemade recipes such as jams, ice creams for milkshakes.

Finally, cherimoya becomes an essential type of fruit for our diet, considering that it is a delicious sweet fruit that also provides different benefits for our health.

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